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Before we are born…

ヒトの発生は、生まれる前の記憶にない世界の物語です。
それは「われわれは、何物で、どうやってできてくるのか」という根源的な問いかけでもあります。
私たちは、その物語をより深く読み解くために、知的な探求の旅を続けています。

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鈴木さんの修士論文がPLoS ONEに掲載

大腿骨の形態形成

鈴木さんの修士論文がPLoS ONEに受諾されました。

軟骨形成から軟骨帽内骨化の進む時期の大腿骨の形態形成について外観、内部の変化を位相CT, MRIを用いて解析しました。大腿骨の長軸方向の形の変化はCRL40 mm以降ほとんど見られないのに対して”ねじれ”は、観察時期を通じて変化する可能性があることを示しました。

<修士論文の概要>

Suzuki Y, Matsubayashi J, Ji X, Yamada S, Yoneyama A, Imai H, Matsuda T, Aoyama T, Takakuwa T Morphogenesis of the femur at different stages of normal human development, PLoS ONE, 14(8): e0221569. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0221569

奥野さんの卒業研究がDevelopmental Dynamicsに受諾

奥野さんの卒業研究がDevelopmental Dynamicsに受諾されました。

Matsubayashi J, Okuno K, Fuji S, Ishizu K, Yamada S, Yoneyama A, Takakuwa T. Human embryonic ribs all progress through common morphological forms irrespective of their position on the axis, Dev Dyn 2019, in press

TMIMS symposiumで発表しました

大脳subplate層の形成

20th TMIMS International Symposium “Principles of Neocortical Development and Evolution” (2019.7.30, Tokyo)で発表しました

Terashima M, Ishikawa A, Yamada S, Takakuwa T, Morphogenesis of the layer structure of cerebral cortex during human late-embryonic period

第59回先天異常学会で発表しました。

第59回先天異常学会で、発表しました(2019.7.26-28, 名古屋)The 13th World Congress of the International Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation -CLEFT 2019-と合同開催でした。

Nohara A, Owaki N, Manesco C, Katsube M, Yamada S, Imai H, Matsuda T, Yoneyama A, Takakuwa T, Relationship between fusion of lateral palatal shelves and growth of Mandible (Meckel’s cartilage)

PUH occurred independently of liver

Takakuwa T. Intestinal loop formation: herniation into the extraembryonic coelom and return to the abdominal coelom

Drastic changes occur during the development of the intestinal loop (IL), including physiological umbilical herniation (PUH) and its return. The present study was designed to analyze such developments three-dimensionally during human embryonic and early fetal period.

Materials and Methods: The software AMIRA was used to analyze the 3D digitalized data (high-resolution MRI, phase-contrast X-ray CT) obtained from the Kyoto Collection.

Results and Discussion: Based on the results of our analysis, the following time line and main features of IL formation were revealed:

Herniate phase (Carnegie stage (CS)14-CS23, Crown-rump length (CRL) < 35 mm): IL rotation was initially observed as a slight deviation of the duodenum and colorectum from the median plane up to CS16. The PUH was noticeable after CS16. The IL displayed a hairpin-like structure, with the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) running parallel to the straight part and the cecum located to the left at CS18. The IL rotated around the SMA only during the early stages (until CS19). The IL gradually moved away, running transversely after CS19. Embryos with liver malformation showed PUH, which indicated that PUH occurred independent of liver volume.

Transition phase (CRL = 37, 41, and 43 mm): Intestinal return began from proximal to distal part in samples with CRL of 37 mm. The cecum returned before the distal end of the small intestine (ileum) in samples with CRLs of 41 and 43 mm.

Return phase: The cecum immediately reached its final position in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen (the adult position). The anti-clockwise “en-bloc rotation” described by descent and fixation of the cecum in the abdominal cavity may not exist. A rapid increase in the space available for the intestine in the abdominal coelom that exceeded the intestinal volume in the extraembryonic coelom was observed. The height of the umbilical ring increased in a stepwise manner between the transition and return phases and its height in the return phase was comparable to or higher than that of the hernia tip during the herniation phase. We speculated that the space is generated to accommodate the herniated portion of the intestine, similar to the intestine wrapping into the abdominal coelom as the height of the umbilical ring increases.

Conclusion: The data obtained in the present study demonstrate the precise timeline of IL formations, which indicate several points of discrepancy in the results of previous studies.

長田さん、八田くんの卒研がCongenital Anomaliesに受諾(2)

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奥野さんの卒業論文がAnat Recに受諾

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大賀さんの卒業論文がCongenit Anomに受諾

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