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卒業研究発表会(後半)が開催

卒業研究発表会(後半)が開催されました(1/29,30)

ヒト胎児脳の一次脳溝形成過程の検討 熊谷美優

ヒト胎児期における骨盤内器官形成過程の三次元的解析 篠原李欧

岩佐さんの論文がCongenit Anomに受諾

岩佐さんの錐体筋の形成についての論文がCongenit Anomに受諾されました。

錐体筋(PM)と内転筋群

Iwasa Y, Kanahashi T, Imai H, Otani H, Yamada S, Takakuwa T, Pyramidalis muscle formation during human embryonic and early fetal periods, Congenit Anom 2024, in press, DOI: 10.1111/cga.12551

錐体筋という腹壁前壁下部にある筋肉の形成について検討しました。

  • 錐体筋は、前腹壁にある一対の小さな三角形の、役割の不明な筋
  • 高分解能磁気共鳴イメージングを用いて、錐体筋がいつ出現したか、その特徴は何かを明らかにすることを目的とした
  • CS18―23までの14個の胚子、59個の胎児(CRL:39.5-185.0mm)を選択した。
  • 錐体筋の形成は胚子期後期(CS20ごろ)にみられ、胎児期初期における錐体筋の頻度、左右差、性差、空間的位置は成体と同様であった。

The pyramidalis muscle (PM) is a paired small triangular muscle of the anterior abdominal wall, the physiological significance of which remains unclear. Recent studies have failed to detect this muscle during the embryonic period. Hence, the present study aimed to determine when PM emerged and reveal its features using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Fourteen embryos between Carnegie stage (CS)18 and CS23 and 59 fetuses (crown-rump length: 39.5–185.0 mm) were selected for this study. The PM was first detected in one of the three samples at CS20. It was detected in five of the seven samples (71.4%) between CS21 and CS23. Forty-eight samples (81.4%) at early fetal period had PMs on both the right and left sides, and three (5.1%) had that only on the right side. Eight samples (13.6%) had no PMs. No side-differences or sexual dimorphisms were detected. The PM length was larger than the width in most samples, although the length/width ratio varied among the samples. The PM/rectus abdominis muscle length and PM/umbilicus-pubic symphysis length ratios were almost constant, irrespective of the crown-rump length. The PM is located ventrally inferior to the rectus abdominis and closer to the medial muscle groups of the lower limb than the rectus abdominis. The present study demonstrated that PM formation occurred in the late embryonic period, and that the frequency, side differences, sex dimorphism, and spatial position of the PM in the early fetal period were similar to those in adults.

石田かのんさんの修士論文がCells Tissues Organsに受諾

石田かのんさんの修士論文がCells Tissues Organsに受諾されました。

膝関節の後半月大腿靭帯(pMFL)は、膝関節安定への寄与や円盤状外側半月板(DLM)との関連が報告されていますが、健常な膝におけるその発生過程は調査されていません。本研究では、pMFLの形成について、ラットを対象に、組織切片、EFIC等を用いて検討しました。理学療法学講座の青山先生、谷間先生との共同研究です。

  • EFIC画像から作成した3次元再構成画像を用いて、ラットの膝関節における後半月板靭帯の発達を解析し、他の膝関節構成要素との関係を検討。
  • E16-21日のWistarラット胚の膝関節を対象。
  • pMFLはE17から観察され、成熟ラットと同様にすべての発育段階で大腿骨内側顆と外側半月板に付着
  • pMFLと膝関節周囲の構成要素は、発生初期から位置関係を維持したまま発達していると考えられる。

Ishida K, Ishikawa A, Yamada S, Takakuwa T, Aoyama T, Three-dimensional imaging analysis of the developmental process of posterior meniscofemoral ligaments in rat embryos. Cells Tissues Organs 2024, in press, , DOI: 10.1159/000536108

The posterior meniscofemoral ligament (pMFL) of knee joint is a ligament that runs posterior to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and it is known that the height of the pMFL attachment site causes meniscus avulsion. Therefore, understanding the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the pMFL attachment site is essential to better understand the pathogenesis of meniscus disorders. However, the developmental process of pMFL has not been well investigated. The purpose of this study was to analyze pMFL development in rat knee jointsusing 3D reconstructed images produced from episcopic fluorescence image capture (EFIC) images and examine its relationship with other knee joint components. Knee joints of Wistar rat embryos between embryonic day (E) 16 and E21 were observed with HE stained tissues. Serial EFIC images of the hindlimbs of E17-E21 were respectively captured, from which 3Dimages were reconstructed and the features of pMFL structure: length and angle, were measured. Besides, the chronological volume changes and the volume ratio of the knee joint components compared to E17 were calculated to identify the differences in growth by components. pMFL was observed from E17 and was attached to the medial femoral condyle and lateral meniscus at all developmental stages, as in mature rats. The lack of marked variation in the attachment site and angle of the pMFL with the developmental stage indicates that the pMFL and surrounding knee joint components developed while maintaining their positional relationship from the onset of development. Current results may support to congenital etiology of meniscus disorder.